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Foto: Stadt Marienberg/ 360 Grad Team •
Tourismusverband Erzgebirge e.V.
Adam-Ries-Straße 16
09456 Annaberg-Buchholz

World Heritage Site, the Ore Mountains

An attitude to life is world heritage!

In July 2019, the World Heritage Committee decided about the inclusion of the Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří mining cultural landscape on the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites.

The importance of the future World Heritage Site derives from its unique combination of 17 German and five Czech component parts. It illustrates the region's mining heritage and legacy - and is representative of many other mining communities.

The Erzgebirge is an outstanding and truly unique example of a cross-border region that was profoundly and irrevocably shaped by 800 years of almost continuous metal mining (from the 12th to the 20th century). Its rich deposits, predominantly of silver, but also of tin, cobalt and uranium, forged the character of the Erzgebirge and paved the way for pioneering accomplishments that had a lasting impact on the development of other mining regions across the globe.

Mining brought with it many new inventions that stood the test of time: the Ehrenfriedersdorfer Kunstgezeug water-pumping system (1540), the Nasspochwerke stamp mill (1507) and the large-scale water management system that supplied mines with motive water (from 1558). Its global reach was further consolidated by the outstanding writing that emerged from the region. This includes the first printed book on mining by Ulrich Rülein von Calw (1505), "De re metallica" and other writings by Georgius Agricola, and the book "Sylvicultura oeconomica oder haußwirthliche Nachricht und Naturmäßige Anweisung zur wilden Baum-Zucht" (News and Instructions for the Natural Growing of Wild Trees) by Hans Carl von Carlowitz, who was also considered the father of sustainable forestry. Mining in the Erzgebirge was under government supervision, and impacted on all areas of society, with early mining regulations playing a decisive role here.

The first mining code was drawn up in Freiberg in 1300. The Annaberg mining code followed in 1509, and formed the basis for large parts of mining law. Mining codes provided for a manorial mining administration, which safeguarded miners' civil rights and decided on key economic and technical matters. In 1520, silver Thaler coins were minted in Jáchymov for the first time, and these remained the blueprint for many European countries' monetary systems for several centuries. They are now considered to be a precursor to the dollar. Freiberg University of Mining and Technology, founded in 1765, and the oldest mining education institution in the world, remains a leading training provider for the mining sector.

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The 22 Components of the Montan region Ore Mountains/Krušnohoří

In total, the nomination consists of 22 components: 17 on the German side and 5 on the Czech side. The selected monuments, natural and cultural landscapes represent in their entirety the most important mining areas and epochs of Saxon-Bohemian ore mining. Each component consists of various individual objects and landscapes (more than 400 on the Saxon side alone!).

In addition to above-ground and underground witnesses of the mining industry, historical urban and mining landscapes, e.g. slag heaps, were also taken into account. They illustrate the region's mining heritage and legacy - and is representative of many other mining communities.

The significance of the future World Heritage Site in terms of UNESCO can only be established in the combination of all 22 components.

In order to contribute to a comprehensive communication of the mining heritage of the region, additional sites were defined as "associated objects" of the World Heritage.

17 German components

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Hochmittelalterliche Silberbergwerke Dippoldiswalde (Landesamt für Archäologie Sachsen)
High-medieval Dippoldiswalde...
The outstanding archaeological relics of underground silver mining in-situ from the late-12th and early-13th centuries are an...
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Montanlandschaft Altenberg Zinnwald (Jens Kugler)
Altenberg-Zinnwald mining...
An excellent example of a multi-layered tin-mining landscape, demonstrating that various tin-ore deposits were mined here, as well as the...
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Verwaltungssitz Lauenstein (Marko Borrmann)
Administrative seat of...
The closely associated administrative seat of Lauenstein is not only a fine example of settlement in the cross-border eastern Erzgebirge,...
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Montanlandschaft Freiberg (Marko Borrmann)
Freiberg mining landscape:...
Excellent proof of the dominating influence of silver mining. This was where the region’s first major silver rush started. The landscape...
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Bergbaulandschaft Hoher Forst bei Kirchberg - Mundloch Engländerstolln (Jens Kugler)
Hoher Forst mining landscape:...
The remarkable archaeological remains of silver mining from the 14th and 15th centuries and a late-medieval fortified settlement provide...
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Montanlandschaft Schneeberg (Jens Kugler)
Schneeberg mining landscape:...
These excellently preserved mining artefacts point to the leading role of the Erzgebirge region in the mining and processing of cobalt...
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Blaufarbenwerk Schindlers Werk ()
Schindler’s blue-pigment works:...
The Schindler’s blue-pigment works is a remarkably well-preserved example of a smelting site and mining-related factory that produced...
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Montanlandschaft Annaberg-Frohnau - Markus Röhling Stolln (Jens Kugler)
Annaberg-Frohnau mining...
In 1496, Annaberg was the first planned mining town established in the region, due to the rich silver deposits found in the Frohnau...
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Bergbaulandschaft Pöhlberg (Jens Kugler)
Pöhlberg mining landscape:...
The mine at Pöhlberg became one of the most important silver and copper mines in the region. The silver-containing copper ore mined here...
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Bergbaulandschaft Buchholz (Michael Bader)
Buchholz mining landscape:...
The mining landscape, located southwest of Buchholz, stands witness to the tin mining that occurred here from the 15th to the late-18th...
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Historische Altstadt Marienberg (Marko Borrmann)
Historical old town of...
The mining town of Marienberg is an extraordinary example of a planned mining town, initially founded on free, as yet undeveloped land...
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Bergbaulandschaft Lauta (Jens Kugler)
mining landscape of Lauta:...
The mining town of Marienberg is an extraordinary example of a planned mining town, initially founded on free, as yet undeveloped land...
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Bergbaulandschaft Ehrenfriedersdorf (Alexander Ohly)
Ehrenfriedersdorf mining...
The “Ehrenfriedersdorfer Kunstgezeug” water-pumping system was developed here in the 16th century, and used for around 200 years as the...
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Saigerhüttenkomplex Grünthal (Jens Kugler)
Saigerhütten complex, Grünthal:...
Thanks to its excellently preserved condition, the liquation complex is a rare example of a pre-industrial, central metallurgical site....
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Bergbaulandschaft Eibenstock Schwarze Pinge (Jens Kugler)
Eibenstock mining landscape:...
The high concentration of collapsed shafts, surface workings, mines located both under and above ground, processing sites and former...
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Pulverturm Rother Berg (Markus Link)
Rother Berg mining landscape:...
The great demand for tools, machines and products made of iron was closely linked to silver mining in the region. The Erlahammer is a...
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Bergbaulandschaft Uranbergbau Förderturm Schacht 371 (Jens Kugler)
Uranium mining landscape:...
The mining landscape bears witness to the leading role played by the Erzgebirge region in uranium production, and to the large-scale...

5 Czech components

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Bergbaulandschaft Jachymov - Königliche Münze in Jáchymov (L. Zeman)
Jáchymov mining landscape:...
For a brief time in the 16th century, Jáchymov was the most important silver mining area not only in the Erzgebirge region, but also...
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Bergbaulandschaft Abertamy Bozi Dar Horni Blatna Christoph Stolln (J.Albrecht)
Abertamy–Boží Dar–Horní Blatná...
The Bludná tin- and iron-ore field and the Kaff ore field in Zlatý Kopec, in the western part of the Bohemian Erzgebirge, provide...
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Roter Turm des Todes ()
Red Tower of Death: Uranium
This rare example of a uranium processing and sorting complex demonstrates the dark side of uranium mining after World War II. In the...
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Bergbaulandschaft Krupka ()
Krupka mining landscape: Tin
The medieval mining town of Krupka and its mining landscape is an excellent example of how types of tin deposits were mined here between...
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Bergbaulandschaft Vrch Mednik Luftaufnahme des Kupferhübels (Jaroslav_Kloub)
Vrch Mĕdník (Kupferberg) mining...
This is an authentic mining landscape located in the central part of the Bohemian Erzgebirge region. It documents the gradual exploration...

Experience the World Heritage site

Olbernhau

Kupferhammer Museum...

Die Saigerhütte Olbernhau / Grünthal ist als technisches und bauliches Zeugnis des Hüttenwesens der...

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Foto: 360Grad-Team, Stadtverwaltung Marienberg
Marienberg

Museum sächsisch-böhmisches...

Einmalig in der Region - das Museum sächsisch-böhmisches Erzgebirge im Bergmagazin!

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Foto: Stadt Freiberg
Freiberg

terra mineralia ...

Mit 3500 Mineralen, Edelsteinen und Meteoriten ist die terra mineralia, eine Dauerausstellung der TU...

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Foto: Thomas Jäger, Berggrabebrüderschaft Ehrenfriedersdorf e. V.
Ehrenfriedersdorf

Röhrgraben (verrohrt) ...

Station 4 am Bergbaulehrpfad Silberstraße Ehrenfriedersdorf

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Foto: Arndt Gaube, Bergbaumuseum Oelsnitz/Erzgebirge
Oelsnitz/Erzgeb.

Bergbaumuseum Oelsnitz ...

Das Bergbaumuseum Oelsnitz/Erzgebirge vermittelt eindrucksvoll die Geschichte der "Schwarzen Diamanten"...

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Foto: Stadtverwaltung Freiberg
Freiberg

Stadt- und Bergbaumuseum ...

Das 1861 vom Freiberger Altertumsverein gegründete Museum zählt zu den ältesten bürgerlichen Museen...

Experience Mining

 

The world heritage site of the mining region Ore Mountains/Krušnohoří with more than 400 individual objects on the Saxon and Czech site, is representative of the many witnesses of the mining heritage of the region. Numerous visitor mines invite young and old to explore the Ore Mountains underground.

Below ground hammer mills, smelting huts and mining towns tell the impressive history of the region. Mining has also unmistakably shaped the nature of the Erzgebirge. If you like going on a discovery tour, you will walk along the ridge through the woods and marvel at the witnesses of the mining industry along the way.

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Foto. TVE Rene Gaens

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